Immigration through Express Entry
The Express Entry system is similar in a manner, as Australia and New Zealand have implanted their own programs. This particular system is structured in a way that deals with the prospective candidates, who show their interest in Canadian immigration. Moreover, they have submitted an “expression of interest” regarding further processing of their immigrating to Canada.
Express Entry is going to change the whole idea of managing the Canada immigration process. This system is there to reform the immigration procedure, with a view to make it quicker and simpler. The whole process shifts to an online portal. This suggests that it will shift the slow documentation process into a swift online mechanism.
You can’t term this system as an individual immigration program. In reality, it is a supporting system to aid Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) for performing their procedure in an organized manner. The department of CIC can easily select eligible candidates, striving for their immigration to Canada.
- 1 Federal Economic Immigration Programs
- 2 Preparing Yourself for Express Entry System
- 3 Creating an Express Entry Profile
- 4 What Next?
- 5 Express Entry system and Provincial Nominee Programs
- 6 Comprehensive Ranking System
- 7 Canada Express Entry Processing Time
Federal Economic Immigration Programs
Express Entry provides a universal platform for, Federal and Provincial governments. Moreover, it facilitates the employers to choose prospective candidates out of Express Entry pool. This Pool consists of such candidates, who stand eligible for any one of the mentioned below “Federal Economic Immigration Programs”.
- TheFederal Skilled Trades Program
- TheFederal Skilled Worker Program
- TheCanadian Experience Class
The candidates may receive an invitation to apply (ITA) for immigration to Canada, once they are selected. However, such candidates must hurry in completing their application form and submit it along with required documents. The time period for submitting the application is 60 days and it takes six months (from the date of receiving the application to complete the process.
Preparing Yourself for Express Entry System
The most important step with a view to applying for Canada immigration via Express Entry is to know the eligibility criteria. The prospective candidates must verify, whether they fall under this criteria or not. The candidates who stand eligible for the Canadian immigration can find their place into Express Entry pool.
After this, the candidate may create his/her Express Entry profile. Each candidate receives a specific rank against other members of the pool, in accordance with the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). Candidates can improve their ranking by increasing Canadian immigration points. This enhances the prospects for getting an invitation to apply ITA, for their immigration to Canada.
Those candidates, who are not eligible for a particular Federal Economic Immigration Program, they can try their luck by improving their profile factors, including language proficiency, education credentials, and work experience.
Creating an Express Entry Profile
The candidate must create an Express Entry profile for Canadian immigration through one of the Federal Economic Immigration Program. Therefore, the first step in this regard is to create such a profile.
- Just stick to the instructions and create an account. The system provides you with a number, which is necessary to sign in.
- Enter the personal reference code when required by the system. In case you don’t possess one, move to next step.
- Fill in your personal data, education credentials, work experience and other similar information.
- After completing the whole procedure, press the submit button.
If all the requirements of Express Entry criteria are fulfilled, the immigration department may consider you as a part of Express Entry pool. After completion of this step, eligible candidates receive ITAs through an Express Entry draw. The basic factor, which helps you to gain an ITA is the Canadian immigration points.
Note: By just creating an Express Entry profile, you may not consider yourself as a candidate for Canadian immigration. Moreover, it does not suggest that you will receive an invitation to apply for immigration to Canada. Candidates may remain in the Express Entry pool for a year.
Express Entry system and Provincial Nominee Programs
Provinces and territories may also select eligible candidates out of Express Entry system. Such candidates are selected through the Provincial Nominee Programs. This procedure allows such provinces to meet the local labor market needs. The rules for managing the Express Entry system are the outcome of Ministerial Instructions.
Note: “Entry into the Express Entry pool does not guarantee a candidate will be issued an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residence. Invited candidates still have to meet eligibility and admissibility requirements under Canada’s immigration law.” (Immigration and Refugee Protection Act).
Comprehensive Ranking System
The highest-ranking candidates in the pool are invited to apply for permanent residence. Candidates will receive their ranks by using a point-based system called the Comprehensive Ranking System. Points are awarded using the information in their profile. Candidates with the highest scores in the pool will receive an Invitation to Apply.
The candidates will receive Canadian immigration points, depending on following factors:
- A valid Job offer from an employer
- Grant of nomination through provinces or territories
- Necessary experience and skill factors
The candidate may receive extra points in following circumstances:
- If the candidate receives a job offer endorsed by theLabour Market Impact Assessment
- In case the candidate is nominated by the provincial or territorial authorities
These extra Canadian immigration points will increase the candidate’s ranking. This enhances the chances to receive an invitation to apply (ITA) through Express Entry draw.
After receiving the invitation, the candidate must submit his/her application for Canadian immigration within next 60 days. The rules regarding Canadian immigration for Pakistanis are also the same.
Canada Express Entry Processing Time
Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) is responsible for processing the duly completed applications for immigration to Canada. This means that those applications are entertained, which provide all the information and supporting documents.
The whole procedure of processing the eligible applications and reaching up to a decision may take six months or less. The candidates may not receive an ITA for Canadian immigration, even after 12 months of submitting an Express Entry profile.
In this case, they have to create and submit a new profile. After they stand eligible while meeting the criteria, such candidates may re-enter the pool.
Immigration through Federal Skilled Worker
The program offers 50 eligible occupations for candidates, willing to seek Canada immigration. Moreover, it will entertain 25,000 applications for the sake of required intake cap.
- 1 The Federal Skilled Worker Program through the Years
- 2 Ministerial Instructions
- 3 Minimum Requirements for Federal Skilled Worker (FSW)
- 3.1 Skilled Work Experience
- 3.2 Full Time
- 3.3 Part time
- 3.4 Language Ability
- 3.5 Education
- 3.6 Factors Effecting Selection
- 3.7 Proof of Funds
The Federal Skilled Worker Program through the Years
This program has evolved as one of the most famous and established programs for Canadian immigration. It has undergone numerous transformations in the past few years. Canada is trying to take its immigration programs to a specific level and fulfill its Labor market needs.
Most of the noticeable transformations regarding the FSW program were witnessed in 2008. This was the time of issuing Ministerial Instructions for making changes to eligibility criteria of FSW.
“Ministerial Instructions are necessary to issue specific instructions to visa officers. These instructions allow achieving the following, as described by the CIC.
“Enable the Government of Canada to better attain its immigration goals”.
Ministerial Instructions are normally active for the limited period and have to be effective in their nature. They affect numerous Canada immigration programs; however, their impact on FSW program is quite strong and far reaching.
Minimum Requirements for Federal Skilled Worker (FSW)
Following are the requirements to fulfill the eligibility criteria for Federal Skilled Worker (FSW).
Skilled Work Experience
In order to be eligible for Canadian immigration, the candidate must fulfill following criteria, regarding work experience.
- The Paid work experience is necessary (Volunteer work and unpaid internships are not acceptable)
- The experience must be in the same skill type
- The candidate should provide an experience of one year (1,560 hours full-time)
- During last 10 years
The eligibility criteria regarding Canadian immigration for Pakistanis are also the same.
30 hours per week for 12 months or 1-year full-time (1560 hours)
15 hours per week for 24 months or 1-year full-time (1560 hours)
You should declare that you have duly performed all the duties, as prescribed in the occupational description of NOC. It must include overall duties performed by you, in line with the main duties listed in the NOC. In case, work experience requirements are not fulfilled, you can’t apply for immigration to Canada through this program.
You must meet the minimum level of language proficiency, in order to seek Canadian immigration. Following are the basic language ability requirements.
- Must have a language level of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7
- Take part in and qualify the language test. The test requires due approval by Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC).
- The candidate must have the ability to speak, understand, write and read.
It is necessary to meet all the language-related requirements. The applicant must meet the requirements of English or French language. In addition, he/she must include the test results while submitting the Express Entry profile.
This test is valid for two years. If you fail to get immigration to Canada within 2 years, you have to reappear and qualify the test.
As far as the education requirements are concerned, you must possess:
- A Canadian post-secondary certificate, diploma, secondary (high school) certificate or a degree
- An Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report. This report must be generated by CIC approved agency. It verifies the fact that education credentials are in line with educational standards of Canada.
Factors Effecting Selection
The selection factors are similar to those, which you come across while meeting the eligibility criteria. These factors are as under:
- Valid education credentials
- Required work experience in relevant fields
- English or French language skills (Minimum level)
- Must fall under the criteria of age
- Canadian immigration points
- A valid job offer is one of the decisive selection factors
- The element of adaptability, once the candidate gets immigration to Canada
Proof of Funds
The candidate willing to seek Canadian immigration must display a valid financial source or enough money in savings. It shows that the prospective immigrant can support his/her stay in Canada. However, there are few exceptions to this rule.
- In case the candidate receives a valid job offer from Canadian employer
- legally authorized to work in Canada, during present circumstances
Immigration through PNP
For those individuals who are willing to seek Canada’s immigration, Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) is the right option. This program nominates such individuals to apply for permanent residence in Canadian provinces and territories. All Canadian provinces and two of its territories possess a unique Provincial Nominee Program in accordance with their needs. However, Quebec is an exception, as it has a different selection system of its own.
The provinces and territories participating in this program must sign agreements with Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). This particular agreement allows them to scrutinize immigrants, who fulfill the essential requirements. By following these programs, territorial and provincial governments can welcome newcomers to their region in an efficient manner.
Provinces or territories have a specific Provincial Nominee Program (PNP), tailored to meet their respective needs. In this way, they can select eligible nominees, willing to settle and work in the region. At least one immigration stream of these PNPs works in a close collaboration with Federal Express Entry Immigration Selection System.
- 0.1 5 Advantages of Canada’s Provincial Nominee Programs
- 1 Provinces and their Respective Provincial Nominee Program
- 1.1 Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)
- 1.2 British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP)
- 1.3 Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP)
- 1.4 New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP)
- 1.5 Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program (NLPNP)
- 1.6 Northwest Territories Nominee Program (NTNP)
- 1.7 Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP)
- 1.8 Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)
- 1.9 Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP)
- 1.10 Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)
- 1.11 Yukon Nominee Program (YNP)
- 2 Frequently asked questions (FAQs)
- 2.1 What are these provincial nominee programs?
- 2.2 Whether Quebec is a Part of Provincial Nominee Program or not?
- 2.3 Does Provincial Nomination Serve as a Pre-requisite for Canadian Immigration?
- 2.4 What are the Benefits of Getting a Provincial Nomination?
- 2.5 Where to File an Application under the Provincial Nominee Program?
- 2.6 How do Provincial Nominee Programs work with Express Entry immigration selection system?
- 2.7 Does getting a Provincial Nomination is sufficient to obtain Canadian Immigration Visa?
- 2.8 What is the criterion of Provincial Nominee Program?
- 2.9 What is a “base” Provincial Nomination?
5 Advantages of Canada’s Provincial Nominee Programs
Provincial Nominee program always serves as an ideal option to submit an application for permanent residence in Canada. This program turns out to be more advantageous when compared to some other immigration programs.
Described below are the benefits of Provincial Nominee Program of Canada.
- Some provinces exhibit a friendly behavior towards employers. If an employer recommends an individual who is competent enough for contributing to Canada’s economy, the province would normally accept such a nomination. However, the employer must provide evidence of eligibility and good faith for such an individual.
- Provincial Nominee Program ensures a quick mechanism for processing of the application. This leads to awarding of a Permanent Resident status much faster than one can anticipate.
- Every province has its own criteria regarding PNP, so submitting an application becomes much easier for the candidates. These provincial programs do not have criteria relating to the Point Based System.
- The eligibility criteria of Federal Immigration program follows a Points Based System, which makes it relatively tough to compete. Nevertheless, candidates may apply through much-relaxed criteria under these Provincial Nominee Programs.
- Each state has a different Provincial Nominee program with specific requirements. Hence, applicants who failed to qualify under the Federal Skilled Worker program may apply through their respective PNPs. The Provincial Nominee program serves as a sigh of relief for such candidates.
Provinces and their Respective Provincial Nominee Program
Following are the provinces, which take part in the Provincial Nominee Program.
Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)
Through Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP), the province of Alberta nominates eligible candidates to migrate and reside in the province.
British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP)
The (BC PNP) allows British Columbia to select immigrants to fulfill the provincial labour and economic market needs.
Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP)
Through this program, Manitoba nominates prospective immigrants, in accordance with its needs. (NBPNP)
The New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP) helps to select immigrants to fulfill the provincial labour and economic market needs of New Brunswick.
Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program (NLPNP)
Through Newfoundland and Labrador’s Provincial Nominee Program, this particular province targets those immigrants, having perfect skills and required experience to receive a Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nomination Certificate.
Northwest Territories Nominee Program (NTNP)
This particular program helps Northwest Territories to nominate eligible individuals for Canadian immigration.
Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP)
The Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP) helps Nova Scotia to nominate eligible immigrants to meet the labour and economic market needs.
Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)
The OINP program targets immigrants, with the required skills and experience. Such candidates may receive an Ontario Provincial Nomination Certificate after fulfilling eligibility criteria.
Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP)
Through Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP) program, that helps Prince Edward Island to nominate eligible immigrants to meet the provincial labour and economic market needs.
Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)
The Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP) program allows this province to nominate individuals to seek permanent immigration of Canada. This program fulfills Saskatchewan’s economic and labour market needs.
Yukon Nominee Program (YNP)
The Yukon Nominee Program (YNP) is a program that allows Yukon to nominate immigrants in order to meet the economic and labor market needs of the province.
Frequently asked questions (FAQs)
What are these provincial nominee programs?
Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) is the founder Provincial Nominee Program. The purpose of introducing these programs is to allow Canada’s different provinces and territories to select prospective immigrants. Such immigrants must have an intention to settle in a particular province/territory and contribute to its economic development.
Whether Quebec is a Part of Provincial Nominee Program or not?
A separate agreement stands between Quebec and Government of Canada. This gives an authority to the province for selecting individuals who exhibit a desire to settle in that province. Hence, Quebec is the only province having an authority to select immigrants outside Provincial Nominee Program. Quebec possesses its very own immigration selection criteria.
Does Provincial Nomination Serve as a Pre-requisite for Canadian Immigration?
Obtaining a Canadian Immigration Visa without a provincial nomination is possible. However, the process is quite lengthy and chances of obtaining a permanent residence are rare.
What are the Benefits of Getting a Provincial Nomination?
A Provincial Nomination ensures quick processing of your application for a Canadian permanent resident visa. It also gives a chance to qualify for a Canadian immigration besides Federal Skilled Worker category.
Where to File an Application under the Provincial Nominee Program?
Eligible individuals can submit an application under the Provincial Nominee Program to the concerned provincial government office. After receiving an invitation to apply, the candidate may submit an application for the Canadian Immigration.
How do Provincial Nominee Programs work with Express Entry immigration selection system?
Provinces and territories are capable of nominating a specific number of candidates through the Express Entry system. This mechanism is necessary to meet the needs of provincial and local labour markets. This authority of Provincial Nominee Program refers to “enhanced” nominations.
Obtaining an enhanced nomination allows candidates in the Express Entry pool to get 600 points under CRS. When added to candidate’s skills transferability points and human capital, it enhances chances of receiving an invitation to apply. After a draw from the Express Entry pool, eligible candidates may receive the ITAs for Canadian permanent residence.
It is necessary for all candidates to meet the eligibility criteria of one of the following federal economic immigration programs. This rule enables candidates to enter in an Express Entry pool and seek nominations.
- Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
- Federal Skilled Trades (FST)
- Federal Skilled Worker (FSW)
It may happen that provinces and territories introduce additional criteria for their immigration streams.
Does getting a Provincial Nomination is sufficient to obtain Canadian Immigration Visa?
It is necessary to satisfy IRCC regarding statutory requirements of Provincial Nominee. Meaning thereby that such nominee fulfills the requirements of security, health, and authenticity of documents.
What is the criterion of Provincial Nominee Program?
Mostly, individuals who are capable of contributing to economic growth of the province are likely to receive a nomination. Furthermore, such individuals must have an intention to reside in that province. Following criteria is of great importance and candidates must meet such requirements in order to seek nominations.
- Specific work experience in critical industries of the province
- Ability to adapt to life in that province
- English and/or French language skills
- Close relations in that province
- Job offer in the province
What is a “base” Provincial Nomination?
Provinces and territories are also capable of awarding nominations to eligible candidates under their regular or “base” nominee program. These PNPs can work outside the ambit of Express Entry system. Individuals who failed to meet the eligible criteria for entering the Express Entry pool can still file an application under a base PNP. Nevertheless, they must fulfill the eligibility criteria for the provincial nominee program.
Base nominations serve as a perfect opportunity for those individuals who failed to meet the requirements for Express Entry Canadian immigration. The applications of such candidates, who receive a base nomination, are outside the domain of Express Entry. The process of first receiving a base nomination and then permanent residence completes in two-steps.
The first step is to apply after meeting the criteria for a PNP stream and then receive a nomination certificate. After receiving this certificate, candidates may file an application to the federal government for Canadian permanent resident Visa.